Can Epsom salt kill ants? Here’s what we’ve found

Ants play a vital role in the ecosystem, but they can also be a major pest for gardeners. There are a lot of products on the market that promise to kill ants, but some of them are also dangerous for animals, plants, or people. If you’re looking for a safer alternative to get rid of your infestation, you may have heard that Epsom salt will do the trick. If you’re curious about Epsom salt, looking for a more natural pesticide, or just perusing the web looking for interesting information, you’re in the right place! Here’s everything you need to know about using Epsom salt to deal with ants.

Does Epsom salt kill ants?

Epsom salt can kill ants, but it depends on how you use it. Many gardeners sprinkle a line of Epsom salt in a border around their gardens or in a grid between the plants in the gardens. This seems to work for some people but not others. Studies done at Washington State Universities also found mixed results. This means there are likely other factors affecting whether or not it works that we aren’t aware of.

You can also dilute Epsom salt with water to spray onto your plants. This also has mixed results, with some gardeners swearing by it and others swearing off of it. A sure-fire way to use it, though, is to spray it directly onto the ants themselves. This works best if you have a large infestation or know where the nest is, as it can be a bit tedious to spray ants individually.

How does Epsom salt affect pests?

Epsom salt kills pests through dehydration. Water moves between cells through osmosis, and it moves from high to low, or from cells with more water to cells with less water, to keep things even. In the presence of substances that can be dissolved in water, such as salt or Epsom salt, water moves toward it to try and balance it. As more water works to dissolve and neutralize the salt, there are more cells without the water needed to operate, which is called dehydration.

Similar to how we can’t drink salt water because it dehydrates us, insects can’t come into contact with salt. Insects are also much smaller, meaning they have less water to begin with, and it takes a lot less salt to fully dehydrate them.

Soft bodied insects, like slugs, are especially sensitive to this, since they don’t have any real protective layer between the salt and their vital cells. Hard-bodied insects, like ants, which have an exoskeleton to protect them, are also vulnerable, although not quite as much. The coarse salt scratches the exoskeleton, creating holes in their armor, which then exposes the water in them, and the salt is able to do its job.

Several small black ants on a leaf
PHOTO FUN/Shutterstock

Are there any dangers to using Epsom salt?

There’s good news and bad news. The good news is that Epsom salt is considered safe to handle and poses no known threat to you personally! Epsom salt is even safe to ingest in small amounts, although it is bitter and not nearly as good for seasoning food as regular table salt. Many people even take Epsom salt baths, dissolving scented Epsom salt in bath water for a relaxing experience.

The bad news is that Epsom salt can pose a problem for your garden and the environment. Epsom salt is magnesium sulfate, which breaks down into magnesium, sulfur, and oxygen, all of which are natural and necessary. If your soil is deficient in these elements, adding a little Epsom salt to your soil can even be beneficial!

However, it is very easy to overuse. If your soil isn’t deficient, or if you use more than a light sprinkle, you’ll end up with a buildup of magnesium and sulfur in the soil, which can hurt your plants and, if it rains, leach into nearby water.

An anthill in the grass
Noemi S. Rivera/Shutterstock

Is Epsom salt the best option?

Whether Epsom salt is right for your garden or not is something you may have to discover for yourself, but here are a few things to consider when making your decision. Test your soil first to see how much magnesium and sulfur is already in your garden. If you have an average or above average amount, use Epsom salt at your own risk. However, if your garden is deficient in those elements, you may be all right.

Also consider whether you know where the ants are coming from and how many you can target at once. It’s most effective when sprayed directly onto them. If you only have a few, or you could only target a few at a time, you may want to consider other options.

Epsom salt can be a very effective pesticide, and it can be used against ants specifically. However, it does pose a risk to your garden if you use too much. Consider saving the Epsom salts for a relaxing bath and pick another organic pesticide if you have a small infestation. For larger infestations, mix the Epsom salt with water and spray it directly onto them. Now you know how Epsom salt can help and hurt if you have a garden full of ants!

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