Skip to main content

What can you grow in cold weather while waiting for spring?

Gardening in cold climates comes with a few challenges, but plant selection is not one of them. There are lots of plants that grow in cold climates, including fruits and veggies, annual flowers, perennials, trees, and shrubs. But what plants grow in cold weather? If you are constantly asking this question, we have some suggestions. However, don’t just take our word for it. It’s important to know your hardiness zone and read plant labels to see where they can grow. Choose plants that are adapted to grow where you garden.

pink snapdragon flowers
kuenlin / Shutterstock

These cold climate annuals burst with color

Annual flowers live for one growing season and bloom from start to finish. Because they must be replaced each year, it’s best to use them strategically in small but high-visibility locations where you want constant color. They grow easily in containers or in the ground. 

You’ll find a good selection of annual seedlings at planting time, available in multi-packs at your local garden center. Or start them from seed in small containers indoors a few weeks before the growing season. These plants grow throughout the winter in southern gardens and landscapes. In the colder areas plant them for the main growing season. 

Pansies bloom in almost every color and grow in a mounding form. Dianthus grow wide and stay low to the ground, with flowers in shades of white, pink, and red. Snapdragons send up spikes of yellow, orange, red, pink, purple, and white flowers. Calenduala are reminiscent of daisies, mostly in shades of yellow, orange, and white.

perennial border with heuchera and hosta
Maria Evseyeva / Shutterstock

Lots of perennials love cold climates

Perennials are herbaceous plants that live for many seasons. They bloom in spring, summer, or fall. Then the tops die back and the root remains dormant through winter before sprouting again the next spring. Most perennials need to be divided every three to five years to remain vigorous. The divisions are one way to gain more plants in your landscape or they make excellent trading pieces among gardening friends.

Perennials have a shorter bloom cycle than annuals. Most bloom for only a few weeks at a particular part of the growing season each year. By planting several different species that have different bloom times, you can create a landscape that is constantly changing throughout the year. These are some of the most popular and easiest to grow perennials.

Hostas and heucheras grace shady gardens with attractive foliage and short-lived flower spikes in mid-summer. Daylilies prefer sunshine. They feature coarse grass-like foliage and produce large flowers in dozens of colors in early summer. In spring, Siberian iris send up white, purple, or blue bloom spikes above their long, narrow, upright leaves. Creeping phlox also blooms in spring, as it forms a carpet of white, pink, lavender, or rose across banks and rocky slopes.

birch and maple trees autumn color
Jeff Caverly/Shutterstock

Lots of beautiful trees and shrubs can stand the cold

Trees and shrubs form the structural elements of a garden. If your garden were a room, these would be the furniture. Use them to cast shade, create privacy, and generally make the garden more interesting year-round. Incorporate both evergreen and deciduous trees and shrubs for a more dynamic appearance. 

Blooming trees and shrubs brighten the landscape with flowers and fragrance. As with other flowers, each species has its own bloom season. By planting several flowering tree species, you extend the overall bloom season in your landscape. 

Most flowering shrubs put on their show between late winter and late spring. Witch hazel is one of the first, with its fragrant yellow or orange thread-like flowers. Pussy willow’s fuzzy white cat-paw blooms are an excellent source of nectar and pollen for restless bees early in the year. Fragrant lilac flowers appear in mid-spring. Evergreen rhododendrons wait until near summer before they finally reveal their large clusters of trumpet-shaped flowers.

Shade and evergreen trees and shrubs give structure and shape to the garden space. Shade trees make the outdoor space more liveable in the hot summer and can decrease home energy consumption. Some broadleaf and needle-leaf evergreens are used as living screens that create privacy. They also offer fall foliage color, interesting bark texture, ornamental cones, or habitat to support birds and other backyard wildlife.

Birch and maple are icons of the Northwoods. Birch’s smooth, exfoliating bark adds ornamental appeal throughout the year. Maple offers structure, shade, and unsurpassed fall color. Evergreen conifers like spruce and fir also provide structure and a sense of permanence, plus they give winter birds a place to shelter.

cabbage in garden with frost
Iuliia Karnaushenko/Shutterstock

Edibles grow in cold areas, too

Vegetable gardeners in cool climates enjoy a great diversity of crops. Greens of all kinds, root vegetables, and even some cultivars of traditionally southern crops perform well when daytime temperatures are mild and nights are cool. Fruits and herbs provide even more edible gardening opportunities. For best results, select cultivars that have proven successful in your area.

Cold weather vegetable gardeners often use season-extending techniques to grow things that they otherwise couldn’t. Black plastic mulch can help to warm the soil early in the growing season. Clear plastic row covers or frost blankets protect against frost in the early fall. 

The cabbage family includes some of the most cold tolerant vegetables. If well established they can withstand heavy frosts and some freezing temperatures. Root vegetables can stay in the ground through late fall. Pile leaves over the crop to keep the ground from freezing around them so you can harvest all winter. 

Gardening in cool regions poses a unique set of challenges, but many plants adapt to cold climates rather well. Whether you garden near the U.S./Canada border, or if you’re looking for winter garden plants for the South, there are plenty of great options. Be sure to look up your USDA hardiness zone and choose plants accordingly. 

https://garden.org/nga/zipzone/ [link to USDA hardiness zone finder tool]

Editors' Recommendations

Mark Wolfe
Former Digital Trends Contributor
Mark Wolfe is a freelance writer who specializes in garden, landscaping, and home improvement. After two decades in the…
What are water globes, and why should you use them for plants?
Tips and tricks for using water globes
An iridescent pink water globe under a holly plant.

Not being able to water your plants doesn’t have to mean instant death for them! Whether you’re going away for vacation or find yourself too busy to consistently water your plants, water globes for plants can be a reliable source of hydration for a few weeks. Plus, there are tons of colorful options, so no matter what your personal aesthetic is you're sure to find one that work for you. How useful are these gardening tools, and are they more effective than other watering methods? We'll answer all your questions and even recommend some of our favorite water globes!

What is a water globe?
The idea of a water globe is straightforward. Essentially, you have a sphere made from glass, plastic, clay, or metal with a long, thin neck. At the end of the neck, you'll find a small opening that slowly dispenses water after you fill up the globe and stick it into your soil. When your soil dries out, air gets into the globe, which pushes a small amount of water out of the stem.
Pros of water globes
Water globes are great if you’re going away for a while or find yourself without much time to tend to your plants. They can usually keep your soil moist for between seven to 14 days. If you’re out of town for a week or two or have a particularly thirsty plant, a water globe can be a quick and relatively affordable solution. It’s especially ideal for water-loving plants such as ferns and calatheas, which appreciate moist soil.
Cons of water globes
There are some matters to consider, of course. A globe can be fragile, especially if you get a glass one. Also, the amount of water dispensed can be variable, depending on how you stick the globe into the soil, the size of the sphere, and your home temperature conditions. While water globes dispense water slowly and don’t waterlog your soil, they aren't the best choice for plants that prefer to fully dry out between waterings, such as cacti and succulents.

Read more
Can you grow hydroponic herbs?
Your guide to all things hydroponic herb planting
A person reaching for a head of lettuce

Many people don’t know much about hydroponic growing, let alone how to grow herbs in water. Hydroponic systems can be quite useful for both home and outdoor greenhouse gardeners but often have more initial costs upfront that can make them seem intimidating. That’s why, for growing hydroponic herbs, it’s important to know which herbs grow in water so that you have the highest chance of success with your new system.

Can you grow hydroponic herbs?
You can! Hydroponic plant growing is said to cultivate better-tasting herbs that have a more potent smell than their soil-grown counterparts. It is, however, a bit trickier than container growing until you get the hang of it. The environment needs to be more consistent, and the system itself is more of an upfront investment; however, if you’re serious about learning how to grow hydroponic herbs and maintaining a hydroponic system, it’s perfectly doable!

Read more
Can you grow a bird of paradise from a cutting? Here’s what you need to know to grow your dream plant
Tips and tricks for successfully propagating a bird of paradise plant
Bird of paradise plant

Whether they're found in their natural habitats in the wild or as the centerpiece in an indoor garden, bird of paradise plants are eye-catching and perfect for adding some color and tropical flair to your home. This plant is native to South Africa and is well-known for its lush foliage and attractive tropical blooms with vividly colored flowers. The plant gets its name from the stunning flower's resemblance to a colorful bird in flight.

With how stunning this plant is, it's no wonder that so many gardeners want to grow their own. However, growing one from seed can take a long time, and mature plants can be expensive if you want more than one. For most plants like this, propagation is the fastest and most cost effective way of adding them to your garden. So can you grow a bird of paradise from a cutting? Yes, and this guide will tell you how!

Read more