Skip to main content

Cosmos flower care: How to grow this daisy-esque bloom

Tips for growing cosmos flowers in your garden

A field of pink and white cosmos flowers.
Mathew Schwartz / Unsplash

There are a wide variety of native wildflowers you can add to your garden, from vibrant blanket flowers to charming coneflowers. Cosmos flowers are another great choice. They come in a range of colors and sizes, attract pollinators, and are incredibly easy to grow. Perfect for warm, dry climates, these resilient wildflowers are sure to add color and joy to practically any garden. Want to get started growing your own cosmos flowers? This guide will answer all your questions, from planting to pests, including whether you can grow them indoors.

Planting cosmos flowers

Three pink cosmos flowers
pasja1000 / Pixabay

Cosmos, like most other wildflowers, are easy to plant. Start in mid to late spring, after the last frost of the year has passed, unless you plan on starting them indoors and transplanting them. When growing cosmos flowers from seed, don’t bury them deeply. Less than half an inch, ideally around a quarter of an inch, is deep enough. A light covering will protect the seeds but still allow sunlight to reach them.

Cosmos flowers adapt well to most soil types as long as you use well-draining soil. Avoid planting your cosmos in dense or slow-draining soil. Mixing compost into the soil before you begin planting can improve the drainage and give your plants a boost. Choose an area that is in full sun. In extremely hot regions, cosmos flowers can benefit from light shade, but they can’t tolerate full shade.

Cosmos flower care

White and pink cosmos flowers
shell_ghostcage / Pixabay

Cosmos flowers don’t need much care. During hot, dry weather, they appreciate being watered, but they are typically fine with rainwater alone. While they are blooming, regularly deadheading them can keep your plant looking tidy and prompt the cosmos to grow new flowers. You can apply compost around your cosmos, but avoid high-nitrogen fertilizers if possible. Nitrogen promotes foliage growth, often at the expense of the flowers.

Cosmos are annuals, meaning they die at the end of the year. When this happens, you have a couple of options. You can collect their seeds to plant next year (or to stop them from growing on their own, if you’ve decided you want to plant something else), and then cut the plants back. You can also leave the plants where they are through the winter. The seeds will drop on their own, and even after they die, the plants can be a valuable source of food and shelter for birds, squirrels, bees, and more!

Common pests and problems

A pink cosmos with a ladybug on it
Marjonhorn / Pixabay

Cosmos flowers only have a few problems and pests to look out for, and they’re easy to prevent or treat! Small garden pests, such as aphids and thrips, can bother cosmos from time to time. While this damage typically isn’t severe, you can keep the pests away with neem oil or insecticidal soap. Cosmos and many of its common companion plants also attract ladybugs, which eat aphids and other pests.

Cosmos flowers can also develop a few different fungal infections. Blight and stem or leaf rot are the most common, and while they can be difficult to treat, they are easier to avoid. Waterlogged soil and damp foliage are the primary causes of these problems. Be sure to plant your cosmos in well-draining soil, only water them when the soil is dry, and water them below the leaves whenever possible.

Cosmos companion plants

Pink cosmos flowers with blue and yellow wildflowers
Ralphs_Fotos / Pixabay

Cosmos flowers grow well with many other wildflowers, herbs, and even fruits and vegetables. As long as a plant is drought tolerant and enjoys full sun, you should be able to plant it near your cosmos without major issues. A few popular wildflowers to pair with cosmos are coneflowers, black-eyed-Susans, and blanket flowers. Dahlias, zinnias, marigolds, and sunflowers are other garden flowers that grow well with cosmos flowers.

Herbs like lavender, rosemary, and dill grow well with cosmos flowers, and herbs will also draw pollinators. Fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and strawberries can all benefit from the pollinators that cosmos flowers attract.

Can you grow cosmos indoors?

A pink cosmos flower
kie-ker / Pixabay

While cosmos flowers can grow in containers, they often struggle to grow indoors. This is usually because of a lack of light, as even the sunniest indoor spaces may not get as much natural light as a full sun garden. Cosmos can grow indoors for short periods, but you may see less growth or fewer flowers than you would with an outdoor cosmos plant. Supplementing with a grow light or sun lamp can help, but you can also try moving your cosmos outdoors for short periods of time, so it has more direct light. Additionally, avoid placing your cosmos near air vents, as the cold air can make them stressed.

Cosmos flowers are beautiful, colorful, beneficial, and easy to grow, so it’s no wonder they’re so popular. Whether you plan on adding a few plants to your pollinator garden, want just one potted cosmos to brighten up your porch, or are planning on scattering some cosmos seeds and letting them take over your unused space, these lovely wildflowers are a delight. Now that you know all the basics of cosmos flower care, you’re ready to get started growing this wonderful wildflower for yourself.

Editors' Recommendations

Topics
Cayla Leonard
Cayla Leonard is a writer from North Carolina who is passionate about plants.  She enjoys reading and writing fiction and…
If you want a garden that blooms year-round, plant these flowers
Here's how to strategically map out your garden for blooms throughout the year
Blooming perennial flower garden along a walkway

If you love gardening and appreciate flowers in spring and summer, why not grow a four-season garden? It's possible to have a bright, colorful landscape throughout the year if you plan for it. Plant selection is the key. By choosing a diverse collection of shrubs, perennials, trees, and annuals that bloom in different seasons, you can map out a garden with year-round flowers. Let’s get started.
Finding flowers for a year-round garden

Observe your garden
Before buying anything, get to know your garden’s growing conditions, starting with your climate zone. Also, observe to understand its lighting. Where is it shady in the afternoon? Which parts get hot sunshine all day? Do you have spots that get little or no direct sunlight? Keep in mind, too, that the sunlight changes throughout the year with the rise and fall of the sun’s angle. Plus, you should take into account how leaves grow and fall from deciduous trees.
Mix it up
In order to cover all the seasons, you’ll need to choose a diverse selection of flora from different plant categories. Some of the best flowers for late winter and early spring come from trees, shrubs, and bulbs. In spring, summer, and fall, flowers abound among annuals and perennials. Winter flowers, not uncommon in mild climates, are rare for northern gardeners. Colorful fruits and foliage can help to fill the void.
Invest in native and perennial plants
Annuals can be attractive additions to your garden, but they usually won't last for more than one growing season. If you want to cut back on the time you spend planting, consider investing in native and perennial plants, which should come back every year in your garden. Because they naturally come from your area, native plants feature the added benefit of providing food and shelter to native wildlife creatures, such as birds. To find native plants, you can use tools like the Native Plant Finder or ask your local nursery if they carry any native plants. Many nurseries will also have an entire section dedicated to perennials for their local region.
Beyond flowers
A garden’s appeal goes beyond flowers. Plants offer a host of other interesting elements, like foliage color and texture, varying sizes and forms, interesting branch structure, motion in the wind, attraction to wildlife, and scents associated with flowers and foliage.
Get inspired
Look for inspiration in public gardens, parks, and garden centers. If you see an interesting plant around town, snap a pic and take it to your local garden center for help with identification. Be sure your photos are in focus and show details such as the overall plant size and shape. Your local nurseries may have it on hand, or they might be able to order it for you.
Suggestions for flowers throughout the year

Read more
Coleus plant care: How to grow it indoors and outdoors
Growing and caring for coleus plants
A coleus plant with orange and red leaves

When you think of plants to add color to your home or garden, your first thought might be flowers. Did you know that there are plenty of colorful foliage plants as well? Coleus is one such plant, with leaves that come in a variety of striking colors and patterns. From bright red or pink to dark purple, and even some multicolored varieties. If coleus sounds like an ideal plant to you, then this guide to coleus plant care will help you start growing your own.
Planting coleus

Whether your coleus is an indoor or an outdoor plant, make sure to plant it in rich, well-draining soil. For potted coleus plants, choose a container that has adequate drainage holes to avoid waterlogged soil. You can start indoor coleus plants any time, but for the outdoors, wait until the weather is warm. Coleus are tropical plants, and they are sensitive to cold weather and frost.

Read more
How to plant morning glories for a stunning display in your garden
Your guide to vibrant, healthy blooms
Morning glory on trellis

Morning glories are wonderful climbing plants that certainly live up to their name. Whether you prefer a more classic blue and purple variety or want to try a daring scarlet or black, these flowers are easy to grow, even for gardeners who are just beginning their growing journey. If you’re intrigued by morning glories and want to try your hand at growing them, then you’re in the right place. In this handy guide, we’ll lay out everything you need to know about how to plant morning glory flowers and how to care for them.
Benefits of growing morning glory flowers

If you've been thinking about growing morning glories, you don't need to think twice if you live in the appropriate climate zone and have just the right conditions for them to thrive. They come in gorgeous colors—most notably a lovely lavender blue color. As their name suggests, they open up during early morning, then close up a few hours later.

Read more