Skip to main content

What zone do avocados grow best in? What you need to know

The avocado tree was first grown in Mexico and Central America. One of the first records of the plant dates back to writings from the Aztecs who described the plant’s creamy green flesh and rich, buttery taste. Avocado seeds were even discovered buried deep inside Aztec cities along with other artifacts.

The avocado tree temperature zone requires hot and humid climates so don’t try to grow one in Siberia. If you want to try growing your own, here is what you need to know about the zones avocados will grow in.

A row of avocado trees full of avocados

Preferred climate for avocados

Avocados can only grow in warm weather and subhumid climates, primarily tropical and Mediterranean temperatures that stay warm year-round. Being a tropical plant, an avocado tree hates growing in anything less than 50 degrees Fahrenheit, although mature trees can tolerate temperatures as low as 30 degrees Fahrenheit for a short period of time. In terms of humidity, the trees prefer a climate with a percentage around 60 to 80%. While they can grow in dryer climates, around 40% humidity, problems may spring up with the fruit or tree. Generally, avocado trees need lots of moisture and nutrients from the soil.

Avacado growing zone

Because of the specific growing requirements for avocado trees, you won’t find them in most of the United States. They only grow in the U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, but they don’t thrive in these. The only states that provide the avocado growing zone and where avocados are grown are Florida, California, and Hawaii. These three states grow over 200 varieties of the plant with just over half of the avocados sold in U.S. supermarkets coming from the 50th state.

Growing avocados on your own

If you want to try your hand at growing your own avocado trees, be prepared for a lot of work with potential failure because of the specific temperature and humidity requirements. The trees require regular watering so the plant can grow strong and produce fruit. If the plant doesn’t get enough water, or you live in an area prone to droughts, then the trees won’t grow. Thankfully, they don’t require a lot of pruning. Only dead or dying branches should be cut off, preferably with a high-quality pair of pruners that can be found at any hardware store.

If you live in less-than-ideal climates, you can still grow avocado trees, but they won’t be in your backyard for most of the year. Grow them in containers in warm sunrooms and greenhouses where the winter temperatures still remain above 55 degrees Fahrenheit and in the summer between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. You can then move the tree (very carefully) into your summer garden before moving it back indoors when fall arrives.

Several avocados on a branch

World regions where avocados grow

The U.S. does not grow anywhere close to the world’s supply of avocados. Countries such as the Dominican Republic, Australia, and especially Mexico provide the world with their avocado supply, and for good reason. Mexico’s commercial avocado farms run across 400,000 acres throughout the country. Other countries also have a hand in avocado production, but to a lesser degree, such as Peru, Colombia, and Indonesia.

Surprisingly, Australia has a large avocado industry, with 70 varieties grown throughout the country. The plant was first introduced to the continent in the mid-19th century where the seeds were planted in the gardens of royalty and the hot and humid climate made for perfect growing conditions. It wasn’t until 2010, 150 years later, that Australia started exporting its avocado supply to other countries. As of 2019/2020, Australia exports over 4.5% of all avocados grown in the country.

Lastly, avocado trees grow the healthiest at the 0-degree latitude mark (pretty much on the equator).

Final thoughts

Avocado trees are notoriously fickle plants, requiring very specific temperatures and humidity to grow effectively. While some avocados are grown in the United States, primarily in Hawaii, the country does not have the needed moderate temperatures year-round to effectively grow the plant. If you want to grow your own, you will need a greenhouse or hot sunroom and lots of patience.

Editors' Recommendations

Niko Vercelletto
Former Digital Trends Contributor
Niko Vercelletto lives in Lansing, Michigan. He is passionate about going into depressive spirals thanks to the Detroit Lions…
Climate zone 3 plants that will thrive in cool temperatures
Flowers, foliage plants, and fruits to grow in climate zone 3
A person holding a seedling

A climate zone 3 garden can be a challenge to maintain. Zone 3 winters can reach well below subzero temperatures, and with the cold also comes harsh freezes, high winds, and dry air. But planting a thriving summer garden in this region is possible, and you can take protective measures that don’t involve keeping your plants inside at all times. If you’re a zone 3 gardener, here are the most suitable plants for your region and tips on how to safeguard them against extreme weather.

Where is zone 3?
First and foremost, let’s get into the nitty-gritty of what a climate zone is. Essentially, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has divided the country into 13 climate zones based on annual minimum temperature ranges. Zone 1 faces the coldest winters, while zone 13 experiences the warmest ones. On store labels, plant retailers will often indicate the zone range where a plant is perennial — that is, where it can enjoy more than one growing season.

Read more
Do you live in climate zone 10? Here’s our guide to choosing the perfect climate zone 10 plants
What you need to know about caring for climate zone 10 plants
Tomatillo plant

One part of the country that many gardeners envy is climate zone 10, a warm sanctuary for a variety of plants, thanks to its very long growing seasons and mild winters. Made up of the southernmost parts of the country, this region has a climate that's ideal for multiple rounds of harvests. While it has specific challenges with blisteringly hot summers, it’s an overall welcoming environment for plant life. Below, we’ve rounded up everything you need to know about zone 10 and all the plants that you can grow in it.

Where is climate zone 10?
Before we get into the specifics of climate zone 10, let’s talk about the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. When shopping for plants, you may see labels indicating a zone range — that basically tells you where the plant will be hardy for more than just one growing season. Essentially, the United States Department of Agriculture has divided the country into 13 regions, or climate zones, based on annual minimum temperature ranges. Zone 1 faces the coldest winters, while zone 13 usually has the warmest ones. Bearing this in mind, inhabitants of zone 10 will often experience warmer winters.

Read more
What to do with an old Christmas tree: 6 ways to recycle your tree after the holidays
From making firewood to mulch, here are ways to recycle Christmas trees
Ornament on a Christmas tree

Once all the Christmas festivities are over, it's time to take down holiday decorations and figure out what you're going to do with that huge Christmas tree. Unfortunately, every year a massive amount of Christmas trees end up in landfills where they don't have the opportunity to decompose and break down like they naturally would in a forest. This isn't good for the planet, and you'd be wasting a potential resource you could use for something else.

So if you're curious about what to do with an old Christmas tree and how to get the most out of it, here are some ways you can recycle it so it becomes a gift that keeps on giving.

Read more