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How do you care for a Christmas fern? Here’s what you need to know

Make sure your Christmas fern thrives with these tips

We all love bringing new plants into our gardens and our collections. One plant you may not have considered adding to your garden is the Christmas fern. These glossy ferns make for lush ground cover and can help fill any empty spaces you have in your container gardens.

You might be asking yourself, "How do you take care of a Christmas fern?" Don't worry! We’ll go over all the things you need to know to help your Christmas fern thrive in its new home.




1 hour

What You Need

  • Well-draining soil

  • Container with drainage holes

  • Mulch

  • Compost

  • Peat moss

  • Fertilizer for acid-loving plants

Vibrant green ferns
Sebastian Hans / Unsplash

What is a Christmas fern?

The Christmas fern, or polystichum acrostichoides, is known for its beautiful green foliage. So if you’re looking for a plant to fill in some gaps in the shadier areas of your garden, then this might be the plant for you. It’s an evergreen fern, which is where its common name comes from. Its leaves stay green all year long, leading to its use in Christmas decorations such as wreaths.

This makes it the ideal plant for those looking to enhance the look of their garden when most other plants are brown and dormant. It’s most often used as a ground cover in landscaping, but it can also be grown indoors in a pot. So no matter how you’d like to enjoy the Christmas fern, there’s an option for you.

A clump of ferns splayed out like a starfish
Ryoji Hayasaka / Unsplash

When and where to plant your Christmas fern

The Christmas fern isn’t a huge plant, but it can grow up to 3 feet tall with leaves around 4 inches wide. However, the plant might appear more prominent because it is a ground cover that will reach and grow and slowly take over a space. This plant is easy to manage, so you won’t have to worry about it taking over your garden.

In the outdoors, Christmas ferns can grow in zones 3 through 9. If you live outside this range, you can still grow them indoors. Whether you're growing them indoors or out, here's how to make sure your Christmas fern survives and thrives:

Step 1: Plant your fern outdoors after the threat of frost has passed.

To find out when your last local frost date is, you can use a Plant Hardiness Zone calculator, and it will give you the estimated dates. We recommend staying on the safe side and waiting two weeks after the average frost date to keep these plants safe. While they might be able to handle the cold as mature plants, the smaller and less established plants could die if exposed to harsh conditions.

Step 2: Plant your fern in partial or complete shade.

Christmas ferns can tolerate some direct light, but watch for dropping leaves. This is a sign of stress, and it can indicate that your plant is getting too much light.

Step 3: Grow your Christmas fern in well-draining soil.

Like most ferns, Christmas ferns prefer to be damp, but not soggy. Proper drainage is important to avoid drowning your fern. If you're growing it indoors, make sure the container has drainage holes, too.

Step 4: Water your Christmas fern regularly.

Depending on the temperature and amount of light, your fern may need to be watered weekly or every other week. Also watch for drooping or dropping leaves. These signs indicate a stressed plant, which can be caused by underwatering.

Step 5: Add a layer of mulch around your ferns to improve water retention.

Step 6: Supplement your soil with compost and water-retentive peat moss to improve its drainage and nutritional value.

This is especially useful if your soil is clay heavy, compacted, or otherwise dense, as Christmas ferns prefer rich, well-draining soil.

Step 7: Feed your fern with a fertilizer specially formulated for acid-loving plants.

Christmas ferns will do fine with a regular, balanced fertilizer, but you’re likely to see bigger, greener, and longer-lasting leaves if you go for the more specific route.

Purple and white columbine flowers
Bldrjanet / Pixabay

Christmas fern companion plants for landscaping

Christmas ferns can add a beautiful texture to your garden, but they don't need to be the centerpiece of your outdoor space. In your landscape, these unassuming evergreen beauties can definitely work as a lush backdrop. They work with a wide range of companion plants, complementing flowers such as wild geraniums, columbines, violets, and bleeding hearts. If you're on the search for other green textures, consider hostas and caladiums, too.

Non-plant water and stone structures also go well with these shade-loving plants. However you incorporate Christmas ferns into your garden, just be mindful of their slow growth. As Christmas ferns are not the quickest growers, your greenery will look best if you plant multiple ferns as opposed to just one or two plants.

We just love learning about new plants, and we hope you’ll use these tips and tricks to add the lovely Christmas fern to your plant collection. Whether it’s indoors or out, this plant will bring stunning greenery to your home.

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Rebecca Wolken
Former Digital Trends Contributor
Rebecca's has written for Bob Villa and a Cincinnati based remodeling company. When she's not writing about home remodeling…
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