Peas are some of the easiest spring vegetables to grow — indeed, they even work as indoor vegetables. They tolerate cold and moisture quite well and don’t need much fertilizer to thrive. And not to mention, their crisp pod texture and sweet flavor make them versatile veggies in the kitchen. What’s tricky about peas is getting the timing right for their harvest. If you’re having trouble figuring out when to harvest peas, keep reading to know when to get the freshest, sweetest, and crispest peas.
In which month are peas harvested?
Peas are typically ready for harvest after around 60 to 70 days. Gardeners usually start peas about four to six weeks before the last frost in their area — the general time frame to start peas in the spring between March and June. If you begin your peas in early March, you could hypothetically get mature peas by May. Those who live in a warmer climate can also squeeze in a second growing season about six to eight weeks before the first frost, so October and November harvests are also possible.
Keep in mind if you live in a warmer area, hot, dry summers can be detrimental to crops and lead to small peas. Consistently water, apply mulch, and use shade cloths on your pea crops if you want robust autumn harvests.
You want to check in on your peas when you start to see blooms. But there are various types of peas, and each type might look slightly different at harvest time.
- Snow peas: Snow peas feature small peas with thin, edible pods. Harvest snow peas when the pods are around 2 inches tall — they should be slightly unripe.
- Snap peas: Snap peas are slightly crisper and thicker than snow peas, but you’ll still be able to eat their pods. Pick them when the peas inside are round but not too swollen or firm. The pods should be green and have a slight sheen to them.
- Shelling or garden peas: Shelling peas are the shelled peas you may find frozen or canned at the supermarket. Ideally, you want to harvest these peas before their pods get too waxy. Again, the pods should be green and shiny and the peas should be round and full.
If you harvest any pea plant too late, the pods will be dull and hard. While these pods may be too fibrous to eat, you could salvage the peas for eating. Though, when too ripe, they may lose much of their sweetness. You could also let the pods brown and dry to gather seeds for the next growing season. Store your seeds in a cool, dry, dark space — proper storage keeps them fresh for three years.
To harvest your peas, simply hold the vine in one hand and pull off the pod with the other hand — be careful not to tear any fibers. Ideally, you want to eat peas right after picking them. You can eat them raw and plain or incorporate them into soups, stir-fries, and other recipes that could benefit from extra crispiness and sweetness. Popping them into the refrigerator should buy you about a week, but you can keep them even longer by freezing or canning them.
Overly ripe peas are no good, but you may find that premature pea plants are also problematic. If you harvest your pods too soon, they will likely have very few seeds. Plus, the peas will be small and potentially too sweet. With that said, it’s better to err on the side of harvesting too early rather than too late when picking peas.
Peas can produce more pods if you stay on top of harvesting. However, pea plants eventually die down once hot weather hits around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. And if you have a fall crop, they’ll eventually die down when it gets too cold. Peas are typically annual vegetables, so they do best when you start them from seed the next growing season. To extend your current growing season, you can invest in mulch and shade cloths in the summer and frost blankets and greenhouses in the fall.
Peas are easy-going garden vegetables, but one of the main challenges that home gardeners have is knowing just when to harvest them. With snow peas, the ideal time to pick is when the pods are flat and shiny with immature peas. For snap peas and shelling peas, wait for the pods to be firm and green with rounded peas. Pluck your peas gently from their vines, and then add them to your favorite dishes, or you can even enjoy them plain and straight from the vine!
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