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Planting and caring for a willow tree, an elegant addition to any yard or garden

A guide to caring for a willow tree

If you’re looking for a tree to plant near a river or other water source, then a willow tree is likely going to come to mind. These beautiful and elegant trees love wet soil, and they’re easier to care for than you might first suspect. Even if your backyard doesn’t have a pond or river, you can still grow one of these lovely trees. Here’s everything you need to know to successfully grow a willow tree in your yard or garden.

Difficulty

Moderate

What You Need

  • Container with drainage holes (optional)

  • Balanced fertilizer or compost

  • Water

A weeping willow tree in a field
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Choosing a willow tree variety

Weeping willows are perhaps the most common willow variety, with their long, vine-like branches that trail toward the ground. However, there are other willow tree varieties to choose from as well!

If you’re low on space, then getting a dwarf willow might be a good idea. There are two main types of dwarf willows. Dwarf cultivars of other willow varieties are smaller versions of those trees, with dwarf arctic blue and dwarf purple being the two most common options. There is also dwarf willow Salix herbacea, a tiny creeping willow that's great for containers but has little in common visually with other willows.

If you want something visually appealing, then goat willows or corkscrew willows are for you. The goat willow, also called pussy willow, is a small willow variety with interesting puffy flowers. The corkscrew willow tree earns its name from its curvy, spiral-shaped branches.

A weeping willow tree growing beside a river or pond
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Planting your willow tree

Here's how to plant a willow tree:

Step 1: Plant it in moist, well-draining soil.

Step 2: Plant your tree in the spring or fall.

Step 3: Place your willow tree where it will get full sun in mild climates or partial shade in hot climates.

Step 4: Use a container with drainage holes if you plan on growing your willow tree in a container.

Step 5: Leave room to grow.

Willow tree sizes can vary quite a bit depending on the variety, but it’s important to space them correctly. Pay attention to how close structures and other trees are to your willow tree.

A weeping willow tree planted in a patch of grass surrounded by stone in front of a building
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Caring for a willow tree

Once you've planted your willow tree, here's how to care for it:

Step 1: Fertilize your willow tree with a balanced fertilizer or add compost in the spring.

This may not be necessary every year, depending on how naturally rich your soil is.

Step 2: Water it frequently during dry weather.

Willow trees can withstand some drought, but they need water to thrive.

Step 3: Watch for fungal infections.

As with other water-loving plants, willow trees can develop fungal infections if left sitting in water for too long.

A willow tree can turn an empty pond into a picturesque relaxation spot, but you don’t need a lake or even a big yard in order to grow this tree. With regular watering, any yard or garden can become the home of a magnificent willow tree. Whether you choose a classic weeping willow or a more unusual variety, these care tips will help your willow tree thrive.

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Cayla Leonard
Cayla Leonard is a writer from North Carolina who is passionate about plants.  She enjoys reading and writing fiction and…
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