Halloween, or All Hallows’ Eve, is a night that means many different things to many different people. For the parents and kids, it’s a night of dressing up, walking around town, and getting candy. For the superstitious, it’s a night to be wary of and to be careful not to cause disturbances between that which we see and that which we feel. And for the powers that be—the witches, the warlocks, and the gardeners—it’s a time to head out to our Halloween herb gardens and celebrate the bountiful harvest ahead of us.
If you’re new to it all, you may be wondering: what herbs are best for Halloween? Why? It all has to do with a mixture of how much care they need, how well they grow in colder conditions, and what history they’ve come to possess throughout the years.
Witch hazel is a hardy plant that, surprisingly, needs cold temperatures in order to produce its well-known yellow blooms. That’s why if you grow this plant, you won’t see it start to flower until the fall and continue into the winter (which is perfect for Halloween). Witch hazel is great for garden beds, borders, or containers, and they have a lovely fragrance you’ll no doubt enjoy having around while you sit on your porch waiting for trick-or-treaters.
How to grow and use witch hazel
In modern times, you’ll see witch hazel in a variety of products from facial cleansers to aftershave lotions. It’s said, though, that Native Americans were first to discover that witch hazel bark has medicinal and therapeutic qualities when it’s boiled into tea or made into a poultice. It has become known for shrinking inflamed tissue and soothing irritated skin.
This beautiful shrub is often used in winter landscaping to keep your garden looking fresh for as long as possible; however, it would make a great addition to a Halloween-specific bed. Their flowers have been described as spidery, and this plant is relatively easy to grow and care for. Witch hazel shrubs are resistant to some pests and diseases but susceptible to ones like aphids and powdery mildew.
Light needs: Full to partial sun
Water needs: Enjoys consistent moisture but hates being soggy
Soil needs: Well-draining, rich, loamy soil; prefers moist conditions
An eerie and spooky history
Witch hazel tea isn’t only used for therapeutic reasons. It’s believed that the drinks made from the plant’s leaves and bark could heighten occult powers, and modern-day witches will use the magical herb to ward off evil and help people heal their broken hearts. Not only that, but the branches of witch hazel were once used as divining rods to help people locate underground water, spurring the idea that the plant was a “devil’s tree.”
Mugwort is one of over 300 species in the Asteraceae family, and a strong one at that. This plant has woody roots that lend themselves to the strong support a mature mugwort needs at a modest six-foot height. Mugwort has eerie gray-green leaves and dark green stems with a purple hue, which makes it a gorgeous component to any All Hallows’ Eve celebration.
The common mugwort plant is often confused for wormwood. Though they’re related, mugwort and wormwood are separate species; mugwort leaves have relatively sharp edges while wormwood sports blunt ones.
How to grow and use mugwort
Mugwort is commonly used for culinary, medicinal, and ornamental purposes. In traditional Chinese medicine, mugwort is aged, dried, and lit before being held above the skin’s surface to create a warmth that improves circulation and increases blood flow. You can also use mugwort in herbal oil infusions; however, it’s important to note that consumption of an excess amount of mugwort will cause gastric problems. This herb isn’t suitable for anyone who is pregnant.
Likewise, this plant may not be suitable for your garden. Mugwort roots release chemicals that can hurt and hinder your surrounding plants. If you choose to grow mugwort, it’s best to do so either in a mugwort-specific garden bed or in containers that can be placed on your porch or aesthetically around the yard.
Light needs: Full sun (preferred) to partial shade
Water needs: Drought-tolerant; water only when dry
Soil needs: Slightly moist, well-draining soil
An eerie and spooky history
Mugwort’s history is very vast, and much less spooky than other Halloween herbs. It was considered a sacred plant by the Aztecs and used in ancient China, Europe, and Japan to keep evil at bay. Witches are said to have used the plant to promote lucid dreaming and enhance their psychic powers. When the flower tops are dried and placed in a pouch under a pillow, it’s said to encourage vivid dreams in the person sleeping above.
Perhaps one of the most well-known mystical herbs is deadly nightshade, or belladonna. It’s used in a lot of movies, from “Practical Magic” to “The Nightmare Before Christmas.” Where it should never be used, though, is in your home.
Deadly nightshade is a branched perennial with dark green, uneven, pointed leaves that are oval-shaped and grow anywhere from three to ten inches long. The flowers are dull purple and shaped like bells, which can appear quite delicate; however, the darkness of the flowers and the berries that follow should be taken as a warning.
Every single part of deadly nightshade, from the leaves to the fruits to the roots, are toxic to humans, cats, dogs, and horses. It’s not an herb that should be purposefully planted (except maybe by those practicing witchcraft), especially since it grows and spreads rapidly. Being able to identify nightshade can be crucial to your safety as it truly earns its deadly name.
An eerie and spooky history
Belladonna has quite the history to back up its deadly demeanor. It began in the Middle Ages, when the leaves and berries were used to make beauty products that reddened the appearance of a woman’s skin (akin to what we use blush for today) and others that dilated their pupils; however, things went downhill—fast.
The poisonous properties of belladonna, once discovered, began to replace the reputation the plant had earned from being used in beauty products. It became a choice weapon for assassins, and soon lore and legend spread that witches and sorcerers were using the herb in occultist potions. When ingested, even the smallest amount of the toxic ingredients in belladonna can cause adults to suffer from confusion, convulsions, delirium, paralysis, severe hallucinations, and death.
It’s important to know whether the herbs you choose to include in a Halloween garden are safe for you, your family, and your pets. Proper research should always be done to see how planting them will affect those you love and even the garden itself. In the case of belladonna (although the most eerie herb of all), you’re better off leaving it out and creatively recreating it with something like blueberries for a “sprig of belladonna” on that Halloween dessert.
And don’t forget: on the spookiest night of all, when the veil is thin, be sure to hang dried garlic by your door to ward off impending evil and watchful vampires.
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