From its beautiful blooms to its fresh fragrance, jasmine is one of the loveliest flowers to incorporate into your indoor jungle or outdoor garden. Of course, it can be a notoriously tricky plant to figure out, especially if you’re a flower novice. But once you’ve figured out its needs and how to best incorporate it into your garden, you’ll be rewarded with long periods of bloom. Ahead, we’ve broken down what you need to know about jasmine and how to properly care for it.
Jasmine is an incredibly versatile plant when it comes to landscaping. Depending on the variety, you can grow it as a groundcover, let it climb on a trellis, or even keep it as a potted plant indoors. It’s best known for its dainty blooms that can be yellow, white, or cream in color — certain varieties also produce pink flowers. Some jasmine plants are evergreen, so their leaves stay green and glossy all year long instead of dropping during the autumn and winter. There’s a wide range of jasmine, from common white jasmine that blooms in the late spring to winter jasmine, which puts out flowers during late winter.
What’s most notable about jasmine is that the blooms smell like a sweet, light perfume, which attracts hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. The strong smell can irritate those sensitive to fragrances, so keep in mind anyone who may be in contact with jasmine before you plant it.
Does jasmine need light?
Jasmine does best in either partial shade or full sun, depending on your variety. It’s typically an outdoor plant, but you can keep it indoors if you have sufficient light — leave it by a south-facing window or supplement your plant with a grow light.
Where does jasmine grow best?
In addition to adequate light, jasmine benefits from warm temperatures. Its sweet spot temperature-wise is around 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, although it’s usually hardy down to 40 degrees. If you live somewhere cold, freeze protection is a must. You can bring your plant indoors if you keep it inside a pot, but you could also place your outdoor plant into a greenhouse or mulch it with compost to offer it protection.
Jasmine plants are typically hardy to zones 7 through 10, but cold hardiness depends on the variety. If you live in a cold climate, Asian star jasmine will be hardier while Arabian jasmine will thrive in a warm, humid region. Pick the variety best suited for your area for the most prolific plant possible.
How should you water jasmine?
Jasmine appreciates adequately moist, fertile soil, so a sandy, loamy mix will keep it the happiest. On average, a weekly watering schedule is usually a good rule of thumb. Of course, you’ll want to increase your watering frequency during hot, dry weather — you never want to let your soil fully dry out since jasmine is a tropical plant. Whenever your plant becomes rootbound, make sure to repot it, as a rootbound plant won’t be getting adequate water.
How do you prune jasmine?
Jasmine is a pretty versatile plant when it comes to landscaping. If you enjoy the vining look, it can be trained to climb up a wall or fence with a trellis or some type of wiring. You can also keep your jasmine in the ground or a large planter if you prefer a shrubby look. However you choose to display it, occasionally prune your plant with sterilized shears to not only encourage growth, but also remove diseased, damaged, or tangled branches. If you notice branches growing in an awkward direction, prune them back and use a trellis or wire to retrain them. Remember, the best time to prune your plant is right after it flowers so that it has time to recuperate by the next time it blooms.
How do you get your jasmine plant to bloom?
To encourage blooms, you can feed and pinch back your jasmine plant throughout its growing season. Whenever your jasmine pushes out new growth, give it a blooming fertilizer every week; a diluted 7-9-5 fertilizer high in phosphorus works best for flower production. You don’t want a fertilizer too high in nitrogen, which will encourage foliage growth at the expense of blooms. Additionally, pinching back spent blooms can further help extend the blooming period. And on top of feeding and cutting your jasmine, make sure to water it and give it plenty of sunlight to encourage flowering.
Growing jasmine can be a daunting undertaking, especially if you’re not familiar with taking care of flowers. It all starts with finding the appropriate cultivar for your climate zone so that you have the best shot possible at nourishing a lush and healthy plant. Then, provide your jasmine with plenty of warmth and sun, fertilize adequately, and prune as needed. Before you know it, you’ll be on your way to enjoying beautiful, fragrant blooms!
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