If you’re looking for a beautiful flower to brighten a dark corner of your home and improve your air quality, then look no further than the peace lily. With dark green leaves and white flowers, peace lilies make lovely additions to any home. If you already have one peace lily, you might be looking for ways to add to your collection. Through propagation, you can turn part of one peace lily into another, separate plant. Wondering where to begin? Don’t worry, we’ll explain everything you need to know about propagating peace lilies.
Peace lilies aren’t propagated through cuttings, like many other plants. Instead, they’re propagated through division. These two methods have little in common, but one thing that does stay the same is the timing. Since peace lilies are indoor plants, they can technically be propagated during any season. You may have slightly better results in spring or summer, since the conditions are more favorable for peace lilies. However, if you keep your home fairly warm in winter, or if you live somewhere with naturally warmer winters, you can propagate your peace lily year round without issue.
A more important measure of time in regards to propagation is the age of your peace lily. While some plants can be propagated when they’re still fairly young, peace lilies need to be mature. There should be at least one large clump of stems, surrounded by several smaller clumps.
The mother plant is the largest mature stem of the plant. Typically it will be towards the center of the pot, and it will likely have flowered during the last blooming season. It probably would have been the first stem to grow, if you planted your peace lily from seed. The crowns are the smaller, younger stems that grow around the first stem. You may need to gently lift any low hanging leaves and bend the stems away from each other in order to see the stem groupings. Look for crowns that have more than three leaves. Crowns with fewer leaves are too young and may not survive the transplanting.
More specifically, the mother plant is what will be left behind after dividing your peace lily. The crowns are what will be separated from the main plant and become additional individual plants. This is because peace lilies spread via their roots. New growth grows from the roots up rather than from the stem of the mother plant. The new growth then grows roots of its own, allowing it to be separated from the original plant and moved elsewhere.
Once you’ve located the crowns, it’s time to divide the plant. Gently remove your peace lily from its container and brush any loose soil off of the roots. Try to keep as much soil as possible in the original pot, both to make it easier to see where the roots divide and to keep your workspace clean. Lay your peace lily on a clean, flat surface, and spread its roots out if you can.
You should be able to see the crowns more easily. One crown at a time, follow the stems down into the roots. Find the place where the roots are connected to the roots of the mother plant. There should be just one root connecting the two bunches of roots. Be gentle to avoid damaging the other roots, especially those of the crowns. Make sure your knife or scissors are clean, as any harmful bacteria on them could result in an infected plant. Gently cut the crown free from the mother plant and set the crown to the side. Some peace lilies can be separated by hand, but, if you’re concerned about accidentally hurting your lilies, cutting is more precise.
Once you’ve separated your peace lily into as many sections as you want, it’s time to pot them. The mother plant can, in most cases, go right back into the pot it was in before. For the crowns, plant them in airy, well-draining soil. Make sure the pot or pots you use have drainage holes in the bottom, to avoid a build up of water.
Use the same blend of potting soil you had the mother plant in if possible, and continue to care for your young peace lilies the same way you had previously. You might notice drooping leaves on your plants soon after separating and repotting them. This is called transplant shock, and it will wear off once the plants get used to their new pots.
Dividing your peace lily might seem like a complicated or daunting task, but hopefully this handy guide has alleviated some of your stress surrounding it. Propagating a peace lily isn’t as hard as it seems, and anyone can do it. Just treat your plant gently and go slowly. You’ll do just fine and come out the other side with several new peace lilies.
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