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Aloe vera seed pods: How to harvest them and grow your own plants

Here's how to multiply your aloe vera plant collection easily and inexpensively

Aloe vera plants often are kept not only for their appearance but for their leaves, which can be used to help treat minor burns. They’re an aesthetically pleasing and beneficial succulent to have around, especially since they also help remove formaldehyde from the air. But did you know they produce flowers and seeds, too? Aloe vera seed pods can be harvested from a mature plant and used to grow new aloe.

Aloe vera seed pods are the part of the spent flower from the plant that you can use to grow new ones. You’ll take the seeds from within the pods to plant and care for them as they sprout. Mature aloe plants need to be at least four years old before they begin to seed, but the exact timing varies per species and whether or not the plant is receiving the proper care. You’ll know your aloe plant is ready to produce seeds when it begins to flower.

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What You Need

  • Aloe vera seed pods or mature aloe vera plant

  • Dish, basin, or other container to catch the seeds

  • Pot with drainage holes

  • Well-draining soil (like a cactus soil or succulent mix)

  • Spray bottle or mister

  • Sanitized scissors, shears, or knife

  • Plastic wrap for storing a cut aloe vera leaf

It’s important to note that aloe vera seeds will appear only if the flowers have been pollinated. In warmer areas where you can grow plants outdoors, this is done quite easily and without much effort on your part. If your aloe is primarily grown indoors, you can always encourage pollination by putting the plant out on a deck, patio, or balcony during warmer weeks when it won’t be killed by cold weather. Otherwise, you may be better off purchasing your aloe vera seed pods from another grower or growing a new aloe plant from a pup.

Whether you purchase your aloe vera seed pods from a vendor or harvest your own, here's our easy guide to grow them into healthy, mature aloe vera plants.

A variety of aloe plant
Himesh Mehta/Pexels

How to harvest your own aloe vera seed pods

Aloe vera seed pods can be harvested from the spent flowers of an aloe plant or purchased from other growers.

Step 1: Wait until the pods are a brown-green color before you attempt to harvest the seeds.

Step 2: Split the pods over a dish, basin, or other container to catch the seeds. Because the seeds are small and flat, they could easily be lost on a floor, carpet, deck, etc. The dish will help collect the seeds for you, and you can throw away the empty pod when you’re done.

Step 3: Split the pod to harvest the seeds, paying close attention to the color of the seeds themselves. If they’re light-colored, they aren’t ready to harvest. If they’re brown to black in color, they’re ready to be planted.

Step 4: If growing your new aloe indoors, you can plant the seeds immediately. However, if you plan to grow your aloe outdoors, wait until the next spring to plant them. Either way, you should plant your aloe seeds within a year after they are harvested.

aloe vera seed pods baby plant jpg
Ray Piedra/Pexels

How to plant your aloe vera seed pods

Aloe seeds sprout without much hassle as long as you provide them with the proper care. Seeds should be planted in well-draining soil but without too much excess medium that can get soggy. Although any container will work, you should make sure the one you use has good drainage and isn’t too large.

Step 1: Fill a pot or other container with well-draining soil, such as a cactus or succulent soil.

Step 2: Slightly dampen the soil, then place the seeds approximately 1 inch apart from each other.

Step 3: Cover the seeds with another light layer of the same potting medium you've used as the base.

Step 4: In order to keep the seeds at a higher humidity, mist the soil lightly once a day until you see seedlings, which can sometimes take up to four weeks.

Step 5: Once your new aloe plants have at least four leaves, you can repot them into their own pots with the same growing medium you used for the seeds.

Step 6: Once the aloe vera plants are in their permanent containers, follow the same care routine you would for your mature aloe plant, taking into account any variations caused by the plant and pot being smaller.

Aloe vera pups

How to propagate your aloe vera plant

If your plant does not have any seed pods, you can always attempt to propagate. Your aloe plant will naturally grow new pups (or baby plants) that are attached to the parent plant. You may notice them growing up from the bottom, close enough to look like new leaves. All you have to do is wait until the pup is at least one-fifth the size of the parent plant and has several of its own leaves, though this can vary a bit depending on the type of aloe you have. If the pup isn’t mature enough when you separate, you’ll have a hard time successfully propagating it.

Step 1: When the aloe vera pup is ready, use a pair of sanitized scissors, shears, or a sharp knife to cut the base of the pup as closely as possible to the parent plant without damaging either part.

Step 2: Place the pup in a pot of dry cactus potting mix. After about a week, you can water it and care for it as you would any other aloe.

Sliced aloe leaves

Benefits to growing your own aloe

If you’ve ever had a sunburn or a minor burn from cooking, you know one of the first things people recommend is to put aloe on it. A lot of companies make aloe vera gel for this specific purpose; however, if you grow your own aloe at home, you can easily have some on hand without having to run to the store and spend money!

Aside from burns, aloe vera also provides other benefits to your skin. According to the Baylor College of Medicine’s Kim Chang, aloe can be used to help treat surface acne and dry skin, as well as help prevent future wrinkling. Be wary of using aloe in this way, though, as using too much can actually cause your skin to dry out.

Slices of aloe gel in leaves

How to reap the benefits of aloe

In order to get these benefits from your aloe plant, you’ll need to be strategic about plucking leaves.

Step 1: If at all possible, choose an older leaf so that the newer ones have a chance to grow out. Use sterilized scissors, shears, or a knife to cut the leaf off the plant and carefully slice it open.

Step 2: Apply the gel inside the leaf where you need it (on a burn, as a gel for your face, etc.).

Step 3: If any aloe juice is left over, wrap the leaf in plastic wrap, making sure to cover the end where it was cut from the parent plant, and store it in the refrigerator for later use.

Step 4: If possible, wait until you have a plant large enough to spare a cutting or two without going into shock. Your aloe vera may take a while to get up to size, but you can always use aloe products in the meantime.

Whether you buy your seed pods or harvest them from your own plant, you can create your own tiny arsenal of this first-aid staple plant all on your own. Just follow these steps and you'll be well on your way!

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