Spider plants are easy-to-care-for indoor plants that are perfect for the beginner houseplant parent, but they’re also a favorite among green thumbs. These beloved plants (Chlorophytum comosum) have long, spindly leaves (arguably where they get their name) and they make beautiful decorations in hanging pots or set on plant stands.
One of the more perplexing features of the spider plant, however, is its spiderettes, or spider plant babies. If you’re wondering how to grow spider plants from cuttings or the spiderettes, we’ll tell you. Read on to learn about the proper ways to propagate spider plants.
The big question when any spider plant owner sees the babies hanging off the parent plant: Should I cut them off? Well, that depends. If you aren’t interested in propagating new spider plants, or if you want your parent plant to direct its energy solely toward its own growth, then yes. Cut them off and dispose of them as you see fit.
However, if you’d like to propagate them, either for yourself or as a gift to a friend, then you may want to hold off on the old snip-snip. Those little babies are what will give you your new spider plants, so you’ll want to make sure the babies are big enough to thrive on their own before repotting them.
Follow these steps with the spiderettes:
Step 1: Wait until the spiderettes have grown roots.
Once you see small knobs and roots on the bottom of your spiderettes, that’s when you’ll know they’re ready for cutting — either by snipping the runners or leaving them attached to the parent plant. If your spiderettes don’t have roots yet or they are tiny nubs, then wait until the spiderettes are a little more mature.
Step 2: Cut the spiderettes away from the parent plant.
Once you believe they’re ready for propagation, cut them away from the main plant. It’s possible that gently pulling them will help them come off on their own, so you don’t have to cut them. Keep the cuts as close to the main plant as possible so there’s no stem sticking out.
To cut, you can use anything that you think will give a clean slice. However, if you want to be professional, you can use precision clippers.
Whether you trim the spiderette off the parent plant or not, starting the new spider plant from the spiderette is roughly the same. The only difference is that one is in a pot and attached to the parent, and the other is in a pot on its own.
These are the steps for starting a spider plant from a cutting:
Step 1: Secure the cutting in the pot.
Because the spiderette won’t be too big, you’ll want to secure it to the soil as best as possible without causing damage. You can do this by pinning it gently with an open paperclip to ensure the roots stay in the soil.
Step 2: Water the soil (but don’t drench it) and be sure the plant is out of direct sunlight.
Within a few weeks, the spiderette’s roots should take hold, the plant will sprout new leaves, and, if it’s still attached to the parent plant, this is when you should remove it.
When rooting in water, there’s always the risk of the spiderette dying when you transplant it to soil. That’s because spider plants rooted in water tend to be weaker than ones rooted in soil, and it can take a while to regain their strength.
Step 1: Planting spider plant babies in soil is the quickest way to get the plant to take root; however, if you don’t immediately have soil (or maybe you want to start your new plant in a way that causes less of a mess), you can place the spiderette in some water for one to two weeks.
Step 2: Be sure the container you use isn’t too big, so you avoid drowning the plant, and keep it out of direct sunlight.
Unlike other plants where you can take a leaf cutting and grow a new plant from it, with spider plants, you can only propagate through the spiderettes. If there are no spiderettes growing from your plant, don’t worry. Spider plants need to reach a certain level of maturity before they produce spiderettes, and even then, it could take years for one to grow. So be patient, care for your plant, and give it the best environment possible to encourage spiderette growth.
With soil propagation, everything is the same, except you’re potting the plant in soil immediately. This can take longer to grow roots but can keep the plant from going through shock when taken from water to soil.
Step 1: Cut the baby from the shoot and apply the growth hormone. To help the little plant grow roots as quickly as possible, apply a bit of rooting hormone to its base before placing it in a pot. This isn’t necessary, but it can be helpful.
Step 2: Using seed-starting mix, fill a pot, and create a hole for the baby plant using a pen or finger.
Step 3: Place the plant in the hole and press down lightly with your fingers to ensure it won’t fall over.
Step 4: Water generously, but again, don’t soak it.
Step 5: No direct sunlight for these tender babies! Place them in bright but indirect sunlight. In a little while, new roots will start to grow, and the plant might eventually shoot off new babies of its own.
Spider plants are fun and pretty plants to have in your home. Propagation is easy, and it’s a fun way to create homemade gifts for friends, family, and even yourself!
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