Skip to main content

A beginner’s guide to planting salvia, an easy-care, aromatic delight

Salvia, or sage, is a wonderful, fragrant herb. You can plant it in flower, pollinator, or herb gardens, and it’s tolerant of many conditions. Sage is an easy plant to grow and care for, even for beginners. It’s a drought-tolerant herb, and it looks lovely in sunny or shady gardens.

This small shrub blooms in a range of colors, and several kinds of sage are even edible. If you’d like to try adding this beautiful plant to your yearly garden, then you’re in luck! Here’s everything you need to know about planting salvia successfully.

Types of salvia

Although we think of sage as a useful and flavorful herb, only some types are edible. If you plan to grow salvia for ornamental purposes, then there are many salvia species to choose from. Scarlet sage, or Salvia splendens, has brilliant red flowers, and there are even Salvia splendens varieties that bloom in other colors. Most gardeners grow this sage species as an ornamental. Salvia coccinea, also sometimes called scarlet sage, is another ornamental sage. If you want something a little larger, then consider Mexican bush sage, or Salvia leucantha.

If you like to cook with your sage, then common sage, Salvia officianalis, is a good choice. This is the sage species most commonly used in cooking. Pineapple sage, Salvia elegans, has a similar appearance to Salvia splendens and Salvia coccinea. However, pineapple sage has a distinctive pineapple scent to the leaves, which makes it particularly good for cooking. Additionally, rosemary is also a salvia. Although not typically referred to as sage, rosemary has been classified as a salvia since 2019. Previously called rosemarinus officianlis, it’s now labeled as salvia rosmarinus.

Red pineapple sage flowers
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Planting salvia

Salvia can grow from seeds, cuttings, or nursery starts, and it’s easy to plant them at any stage. Begin by choosing a good location. Salvia plants thrive in full sun, but they can tolerate some shade. However, planting salvia in the shade can reduce the number of flowers you see. You can begin planting salvia a week or two after the last winter frost has passed.

Plant your salvia in well-draining soil. Most varieties don’t enjoy standing water or slow-draining soil. Loosen the soil before planting, especially if you’re working with a nursery start or mature plant. The larger the variety, the deeper you should loosen the soil. If you’re planting in nutrient-poor soil, adding compost can help.

If you’re working with a nursery start or mature plant, the hole should be twice as big as the plant roots or the container it came in. Set the plant in the center of the hole and fill in the soil around it. You can root cuttings in water first or plant them directly in the soil.

Salvia seeds can start indoors 10 weeks before the last frost or you can plant them directly in the garden after the last frost. The seeds only need a thin layer of soil over them. Keep the soil moist while they grow. Space salvia plants 1 to 3 feet apart, depending on the mature size of the variety.

Rosemary cutting with roots
Khrystyna Sun / Shutterstock

Salvia care

Salvia care is simple once they’re established. The plants don’t typically need feeding, although perennial varieties planted in poor soil may benefit from an application of compost. They also don’t need frequent watering. Most salvia varieties only need to be watered during droughts. Adding a layer of mulch around the base of the plant helps the soil retain water and keep weeds at bay.

Some salvia varieties don’t need pruning, but larger, shrub-like varieties can benefit from it. Pruning keeps their height in check and prevents stems from becoming leggy. Regular deadheading, or the removal of dead blooms, encourages your salvia to keep blooming. However, at the end of the season, you can leave flowers on the plant to produce seeds.

Luckily, salvia rarely has issues with pests. It attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, but the strong smell of its leaves tends to ward off most pests. It is even deer resistant! It can, however, develop fungal infections if overwatered.

Fresh sage on a cutting board
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Harvesting and using salvia

You can harvest salvia in leaves or stems, depending on how you plan to use it. Harvesting the leaves is best for culinary uses, as you can simply pluck the number of leaves you need for each dish.

If you plan to harvest salvia for drying, burning, or displaying, then it’s easier to harvest it by stem. Use a sharp, clean pair of scissors or garden clippers and cut a few inches off the ends of a few stems. Keep the amount you’re harvesting proportional to the size of the plant.

Salvia makes a lovely addition to most gardens. As long as you have plenty of sunshine and warm weather, you can grow salvia without much issue. It grows as an annual or perennial. Salvia’s stunning flowers are a favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, and many songbirds enjoy its seeds. On top of all that, salvia’s leaves smell wonderful, and some varieties are tasty as well. Whether you prefer to see it, smell it, or taste it, enjoy your new garden addition!

Editors' Recommendations

Cayla Leonard
Cayla Leonard is a writer from North Carolina who is passionate about plants.  She enjoys reading and writing fiction and…
Are pothos plants toxic? What you need to know
Tips on pothos plants and having them near kids and pets
golden pothos plant

If you have a pet or small child, you know that their curiosity cans sometimes get them into trouble. Whether it's a cat that can't stop knocking cups off countertops to see what happens or a kid who eats potting soil, it's a disaster waiting to happen. If all your plants are safe and nontoxic, then this might just be frustrating or mildly upsetting.

However, not all plants are safe for pets or children to play with. This is especially true if your pet or child likes to chew on plants. Pothos is a popular houseplant for it's resiliency, and it can be found in many homes. So let's find out if pothos could be harmful for our curious companions.

Read more
No more crouching down: How to build a raised garden bed with legs for easy gardening
Building a raised garden bed is easier than you might think
Several raised garden beds with legs, full of soil and small plants

Raised garden beds offer a wide range of benefits to you and your plants, including protection from some pests, easier access, and space conservation. Gardening kits and pre-made beds can be a big help in getting your raised garden bed set up, but if you want a unique shape or size, or just prefer a more hands-on approach to gardening, then you might be interested in learning how to build your own. Here is everything you need to know about how to build a raised garden bed with legs.

What to consider before you begin
Before you begin building your raised garden bed with legs, there are a few things to consider. Weigh the pros and cons of raised garden beds to determine if this is the right gardening style for you. Raised garden beds are easier to access without kneeling and crouching, but they also dry out faster, meaning they require more frequent watering. Additionally, although building your own raised garden bed with legs is not difficult, it does still require an investment of time, energy, and resources.

Read more
What types of plants can you grow from garden boxes? You’ll be surprised with all your options!
Your comprehensive guide to choosing and setting up a garden box
Garden boxes with legs

Growing plants in containers can be a convenient way to enjoy harvests when you don’t have time or energy to build full-blown garden beds or manage crops directly planted in the ground. However, there may be times when you simply need bigger containers.

There’s where garden boxes come in. While they may sometimes be conflated with raised garden beds, garden boxes are often smaller and much more transportable than beds — many also come with convenient features like wheels and legs, too! If you feel curious about garden boxes, we’ve got you covered with a comprehensive guide on what they are and what you can plant in them.

Read more